Wayne and Christina


Addenda and Corrigenda to
The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide
Revised and Enlarged Edition (2017)
Vols. 2 & 3: Reader’s Guide

by Christina Scull and Wayne G. Hammond

Elsewhere on this site may be read addenda and corrigenda to vol. 1, the Chronology (2017 edition), and a list of topics in the Reader’s Guide (2017). References to lines or paragraphs are relative to the cited page, not to the named entry. Significant revisions of addenda or corrigenda (as opposed to revisions of the Reader’s Guide proper) are marked thus: [REVISED]. Hyperlinks are included selectively, to lead to further (especially pictorial) material; for additional links, see the supplemental bibliography of sources.

p. xxiv, col. 1 at bottom: Insert line break between "The Koivienéni Manuscript" and Lancashire Fusiliers.

pp. 23–4, entry for Adaptations: The paper quoted here by Janet Brennan Croft has been published in Fantasy Fiction into Film: Essays, ed. Leslie Stratyner and James R. Keller (2007). The quotations, with one trivial difference in text, appear on p. 11.

pp. 229–32, entry for Children: In his blog post ‘Tolkien, Trains and Two Discoveries: Meccano and Hornby’, Tolkieniano, 25 November 1917, Oronzo Cilli deduces that the toy trains owned by the Tolkien boys were in the Hornby line made by Meccano, long a popular brand. ‘Hornby’ is mentioned in the ‘Father Christmas’ letter for 1932, in wording which suggests that the brand of trains, or accessories, was not always available for ‘Father Christmas’ to bring as gifts.

Cilli notes a classified advertisement in the March 1933 number of Meccano Magazine placed by ‘Tolkien, 20, Northmoor Road, Oxford’, offering ‘cash for four C.C.B. Red or Yellow “Break”’; other notices in the same magazine spell out ‘C.C.B.’ as Clark’s Creamed Barley, a popular cereal advertised as the ‘all-British breakfast’. The request appears to refer to reproduction hoardings to be added to a realistic model train layout. Cilli also comments that ‘M. Tolkien’ is listed in the June 1933 Meccano Magazine as a winner of a consolation prize in a ‘Popular Photo Contest’. Michael Tolkien was evidently member number 30992 of the ‘Hornby Railway Company’ fan club. Several local chapters of the club existed in Oxford during Michael’s boyhood; Cilli speculates that Michael joined in 1932 or 1933.

p. 437, l. 3 from bottom: For ‘c. 1968’ read ‘c. 1968’.

pp. 449–50, entry for Hugh Reginald Freston: Like Tolkien, Freston was a contributor to the collection * Oxford Poetry 1915, with the poems ‘A Girl’s Song’ and ‘Sometimes I Wonder’.

pp. 464–6, entry for Eric Valentine Gordon: Jean Barman writes in Sojourning Sisters: The Lives and Letters of Jessie and Annie McQueen (2003; Annie McQueen was E.V. Gordon’s mother) that Gordon and Tolkien ‘shared personal attributes that may have drawn them together’ at Oxford and especially Leeds, besides ‘their common interest in philology, or linguistics’. ‘They were colonials’, Gordon having been born in Canada, Tolkien in South Africa. ‘They lost their fathers when young . . . and were thereafter managed by strong women. They were men of small stature and had been largely home schooled, being thereby, more than usually, left to their own devices. All of these factors may explain their escape into languages existing only in the imagination [i.e. not currently spoken or written], including Old and Middle English’ and Old Norse (Old Icelandic). Barman puts Gordon’s life into an interesting family context, though her comments on Tolkien are drawn largely from existing accounts.

p. 501, entry for The History of Middle-earth: In 2002 Christopher Tolkien’s indexes to the twelve volumes were compiled by Helen Armstrong and published as a separate volume, The History of Middle-earth Index. The original index entries remain distinct, as originally published, but appear in sequence. A list of corrigenda to the index was published by Morgan Thomsen on his blog Mythoi, 26 March 2012.

p. 735, l. 3: For ‘BBC Channel 4’ read ‘Channel 4’.

p. 755, entry for Ronald Buchanan McCallum: To McCallum’s writings, add: Public Opinion and the Last Peace (1944). In this he acknowledges Tolkien’s assistance in suggesting a connection between pacifist and passive-resistance.

pp. 761–2, entry for Josef Madlener: Stefan Borgschulze informs us that the postcard series Gestalten aus Märchen und Sage includes reproductions of Madlener’s Der Frühling (‘The Spring’), Waldmärchen (‘Forest Fairy-tale’), Die Bergfee (‘The Mountain Fay’), Der Berggeist, Rübezahl, and Hubertushirsch (‘Hubertus’ Stag’), and that it was published in 1935. There were, however, earlier postcard series which featured art by Madlener, and it is evident that, if Der Berggeist was truly the inspiration for Gandalf, Tolkien must have acquired a reproduction somewhat earlier than 1935. See further, Joseph Kiermeier-Debre and Fritz Franz Vogel, Josef Madlener: Mein Kosmos (2007).

p. 790, l. 6 from bottom: For ‘in the former’ read ‘in the former (*Oxford Poetry 1915)’.

pp. 803–14, entry for Mortality and immortality: Also see further, Amy Amendt-Raduege, ‘The Sweet and the Bitter’: Death and Dying in J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings (2018).

pp. 936–44, entry for Oxford, University of: It may be useful to add to this section (‘University Institutions and Officials’) an explanation of common room as it applies to Oxford (and more generally to universities). The term is applied both to a physical space, as in ‘a meeting was held in the Common Room’, and to a group of members who gather to dine or otherwise to meet for a purpose. In both senses, as a named space or a named group, it is commonly capitalized, and we have intended it to be so in the Companion and Guide, though Tolkien did not always do so in letters. An Oxford college typically has a Junior Common Room, for undergraduates, and a Senior Common Room, for academics and graduates. Each may have its own rules and criteria for membership. For example, a January 1950 printed notice issued by the Exeter College Senior Common Room included as Full Members ‘Fellows of the College, past or present, Honorary Fellows, and Lecturers living in College’, while Extra Members included ‘Masters of Arts of the College, and others [who] may be elected’, and ‘Old Members of the College who are members of other Common Rooms may be elected as Extra Members without Entrance Fee’, normally 3 guineas. In January 1950 Tolkien (then attached to Merton, previously attached to Pembroke, and with a B.A. from Exeter) was listed as an Extra Member of the Exeter Senior Common Room.

p. 996, l. 13: For ‘Oxford Poetry 1915’ read ‘*Oxford Poetry 1915’.

pp. 1053–62, entry for Reading: Lists of books owned by Tolkien are included in a blog post by Jason Fisher, ‘Scattered Leaves’, 21 October 2015.

p. 1092, ll. 15–16: For ‘(with Tolkien)’ read ‘(*Oxford Poetry 1915, with Tolkien)’.

p. 1173: The running head is missing. It should read the silmarillion (book) as on the facing page.

p. 1211, l. 6: For ‘Oxford Poetry’ read ‘Oxford Poetry (*Oxford Poetry 1915)’.

p. 1248, l. 5: For ‘consciously or nor’ read ‘consciously or not’.

p. 1249, l. 12 from bottom: For ‘paricularly’ read ‘particularly’.

p. 1249, l. 5 from bottom: For ‘inversigating’ read ‘investigating’.

p. 1381, l. 17: For ‘Oxford Poetry 1915 (*Goblin Feet)’ read ‘*Oxford Poetry 1915’.

p. 1440, entry for Women and marriage: Lisa Coutras includes chapters pertinent to this subject in her book Tolkien’s Theology of Beauty (2016), ‘Tolkien and Feminist Criticism’ and ‘The Transcendental Feminine’. Among other comments, she notes

that Tolkien never condones the treatment of women as possessions of men or sexual objects. In instances where women are mistreated, this is viewed negatively in the text.  For example, when Túrin’s homeland is overrun by Eastern Men, women are taken into forced marriages and treated as property. Later, when Túrin falls in among a band of outlaws, he prevents and condemns the attempted rape of a local woman. This group is viewed by the Elf Beleg as a fallen social group. Another example is Rohan in decline, when Wormtongue planned to take Éowyn into a forced marriage. In view of these examples, Tolkien perceived the objectification of women as morally wrong. [p. 203]

Coutras also comments that ‘Elvish society in particular is held up as Tolkien’s ideal, emulating a gender equality integrated with “otherness.” Looking to the customs of Elven society, men and women had equal choice and opportunity regarding the activities of life. Women were raised as equals in thought, choice, combat, and marriage’ (p. 206).

p. 1505, l. 10 from bottom: For ‘226–7’ read ‘227–8’.

p. 1562, add entry: Christopher, Joe R. ‘J.R.R. Tolkien, Narnian Exile’. Mythlore 15, no. 1, whole no. 55 (Autumn 1988), pp. 37–45; 15, no. 2, whole no. 56 (Winter 1988), pp. 17–23.

p. 1601, add entry: Ordway, Holly. ‘Tolkien, Morris, and the Dead Marshes: An Unrecognized Connection’. 19 November 2015. www.hollyordway.com/2015/11/19/tolkien-morris-connection/.

p. 1605, add entry: Rateliff, John D. ‘The Missing Women: J.R.R. Tolkien’s Lifelong Support for Women’s Higher Education’.  Croft and Donovan, Perilous and Fair: Women in the Works and Life of J.R.R. Tolkien, pp.  41–69.

p. 1606, add entry: Reid, Robin Anne. ‘The History of Scholarship on Female Characters in J.R.R. Tolkien’s Legendarium: A Feminist Bibliographic Essay’. Croft and Donovan, Perilous and Fair: Women in the Works and Life of J.R.R. Tolkien, pp.  13–40.

p. 1652, col. 2, l. 11, entry for Finland, replace with: ‘Finland c 344, 857, g 27, 588–9, 617, 1339, 1428; see also Finnish language; Kalevala’.

p. 1660, col. 1, entry for Hogan, J.J. (Jeremiah): For ‘459’ read ‘458–9’.

p. 1668, col. 1, l. 15 from bottom: For ‘Loom of Language’ read ‘Loom of Language, The’.

p. 1675, col. 1, entry for Nobel Prize: For ‘596’ read ‘443, 596’.

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